The Wall Street Journal 5 January 2015
Marriage may help people navigate a midlife crisis.
A new paper by Shawn Grover, a policy analyst at Canada’s Department of Finance, and John Helliwell, professor emeritus at the University of British Columbia, finds that married people are generally happier than unmarried people.
It’s a well-researched area and typically opens up debate over whether the effect is one of correlation or causation–are generally happier people simply more likely to get married in the first place?
Messrs. Grover and Helliwell delve into data from three separate surveys and conclude married individuals are “more satisfied, suggesting a causal effect, even after full allowance is made for selection effects.”
The benefits may be greatest immediately after marriage but aren’t fleeting and appear to have the most important impact in middle age. And the effect is especially strong for close couples.
“The well-being benefits of marriage are on average about twice as large for those…whose spouse is also their best friend,” the study adds.
The study’s findings could be depressing for Americans who appear to be giving up on marriage.
The authors use the United Kingdom’s Annual Population Survey, the British Household Panel Survey and the Gallup World Poll in their research. The data allows them to gauge life satisfaction of individuals before and after marriage and, indeed, those more satisfied with life are also more likely to get married.